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Peer-Reviewed Publications

Original Scientific Articles in Professional Peer-Reviewed Journals

  1. Hoffman KA,  Mazeaud C,  Salazar BH, et al.  Conception and implementation of an MRI-compatible device to elicit the bulbocavernosus reflex for an open spinal cord study. Neurourol Urodyn.  2024; 1-8. doi:10.1002/nau.25461

  2. Salazar, B.H., Hoffman, K.A., Lincoln, J.A. et al. Evaluating noninvasive brain stimulation to treat overactive bladder in individuals with multiple sclerosis: a randomized controlled trial protocol. BMC Urol 24, 20 (2024).

  3. Choksi, D., Schott, B., Tran, K., Jang, R., Hasan, K. M., Lincoln, J. A., Jalali, A., Karmonik, C., Salazar, B., & Khavari, R. (2023). Disruption of specific white matter tracts is associated with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction in women with multiple sclerosis. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 42(1), 239–248.

  4. Neshatian, L., Karmonik, C., Khavari, R., Shi, Z., Elias, S., Boone, T., & Quigley, E. M. M. (2022). Alterations in brain activation patterns in women with functional defecatory disorder: A novel fMRI rectal balloon expulsion study. Neurogastroenterology & Motility, 34(12).

  5. Shi, Z., Karmonik, C., Soltes, A., Tran, K., Lincoln, J. A., Boone, T., & Khavari, R. (2022). Altered bladder‐related brain network in multiple sclerosis women with voiding dysfunction. Neurourology and Urodynamics, 41(7), 1612–1619.

  6. Fremion, E., Bustillos, P., & Khavari, R. (2022). Contemporary management considerations of urinary tract infections for women with spina bifida. International Urogynecology Journal, 33(3), 493–505.

  7. Khavari, R., Tran, K., Helekar, S. A., Shi, Z., Karmonik, C., Rajab, H., John, B., Jalali, A., & Boone, T. (2022). Noninvasive, Individualized Cortical Modulation Using Transcranial Rotating Permanent Magnet Stimulator for Voiding Dysfunction in Women with Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Trial. Journal of Urology, 207(3), 657–668.

  8. Jang, Y., Tran, K., Shi, Z., Christof, K., Choksi, D., Salazar, B. H., Lincoln, J. A., & Khavari, R. (2022). Predictors for outcomes of noninvasive, individualized transcranial magnetic neuromodulation in multiple sclerosis women with neurogenic voiding dysfunction. Continence, 4, 100517.

  9. Tran, K., Hubbard, L., Karmonik, C., Boone, T. B., & Khavari, R. (2022). Preliminary Analysis of Brain Footprints in Multiple Sclerosis Females With Detrusor Sphincter Dyssynergia: A Concurrent Urodynamic and Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study. International Neurourology Journal, 26(Suppl 1), S38-46.

  10. Mackay, A., Sosland, R., Tran, K., Stewart, J., Boone, T., & Khavari, R. (2022). Prospective Evaluation of Intradetrusor Injections of OnabotulinumtoxinA in Adults With Spinal Dysraphism. Urology, 161, 146–152.

  11. Avulova, S., Enemchukwu, E., Kaufman, M., Khavari, R., Moses, K., Pierorazio, P., Samplaski, M., & Siemens, D. R. (2022). Science and Politics. Journal of Urology, 208(4), 771–772.

  12. Hubbard, L. C., Shi, Z., Gonzalez, R. R., Tran, K., Karmonik, C., Jang, Y., & Khavari, R. (2022). Supraspinal Neural Changes in Men With Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Undergoing Bladder Outlet Procedures: A Pilot Functional MRI Study. Urology, 169, 173–179.

  13. High, R. A., Shi, Z., Danford, J. M., Bird, E. T., Karmonik, C., & Khavari, R. (2022). The effect of oral medications on fMRI brain activation: A randomized, double blind, controlled pilot trial of older women with overactive bladder. International Urogynecology Journal.

  14. Kopcsay, K. S., Marczak, T. D., Jeppson, P. C., Cameron, A. P., Khavari, R., Tefera, E., & Gutman, R. E. (2022). Treatment of refractory overactive bladder with OnabotulinumtoxinA vs PTNS: TROOP trial. International Urogynecology Journal, 33(4), 851–860.

  15. Jang, Y., Tran, K., Hubbard, L., Choksi, D., Gonzalez, R. R., Karmonik, C., Shi, Z., & Khavari, R. (2022). White Matter Integrity in Men With Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia and Bladder Outlet Obstruction and Its Contribution to Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms. International Neurourology Journal, 26(3), 219–226.

  16. Bentellis, I., Guérin, S., Khene, Z.-E., Khavari, R., & Peyronnet, B. (2021). Artificial intelligence in functional urology: how it may shape the future. Current Opinion in Urology, 31(4), 385–390.

  17. Anaissie, J., Dursun, F., Wallis, C. J. D., Klaassen, Z., Taylor, J., Obando-Perez, C., Xu, J., Boone, T., Khavari, R., & Satkunasivam, R. (2021). Dissecting the role of radical cystectomy and urinary diversion in post-operative complications: an analysis using the American College of Surgeons national surgical quality improvement program database. International Braz j Urol, 47(5), 1006–1019.

  18. de Win, G., Dautricourt, S., Deans, R., Hamid, R., Hanna, M. K., Khavari, R., Misseri, R., Mueller, M. G., Roth, J., & Spinoit, A.-F. (2021). Fertility and sexuality issues in congenital lifelong urology patients: female aspects. World Journal of Urology, 39(4), 1021–1027.

  19. Tran, K., Shi, Z., Karmonik, C., John, B., Rajab, H., Helekar, S. A., Boone, T., & Khavari, R. (2021). Therapeutic effects of non-invasive, individualized, transcranial neuromodulation treatment for voiding dysfunction in multiple sclerosis patients: study protocol for a pilot clinical trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 7(1), 83.

  20. Shi Z, Tran K, Karmonik C, Boone T, Khavari R. High spatial correlation in brain connectivity between micturition and resting states within bladder-related networks using 7 T MRI in multiple sclerosis women with voiding dysfunction. World J Urol (2021).

  21. Satkunasivam R, Anaissie J, Obando Perez C, Wallis C, Klaassen Z, Xu S, Boone T, Khavari R. Dissecting the Role of Radical Cystectomy and Urinary Diversion in Post-Operative Complications: An analysis using the American College of Surgeons National Quality Improvement Program Database. International Braz J Urol. 2021 Jan 29.

  22. Cheng PJ, Keihani S, Roth JD, Pariser JJ, Elliott SP, Bose S, Khavari R et al. Contemporary multicenter outcomes of continent cutaneous ileocecocystoplasty in the adult population over a 10‐year period: A Neurogenic Bladder Research Group study. Neurourology and Urodynamics. 2020; 39: 1771– 1780.

  23. High RA, Danford JM, Shi Z, Karmonik C, Kuehl TJ, Bird ET, Khavari R. Protocol for a multicentre randomized, double blind, controlled pilot trial of higher neural function in overactive bladder patients after anticholinergic, beta-3 adrenergic agonist, or placebo. Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications (2020), doi:10.1016/j.conctc.2020.100621

  24. Martinez L, Tubre R, Roberts R, Boone T, Griebling TL, Padmanabhan P, Khavari R. Refractory bladder dysfunction: A multi-institutional experience with intravesical botulinum toxin-a injection in adult patients who underwent previous augmentation cystoplasty [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 5]. Turk J Urol. 2020;10.5152/tud.2020.19259. doi:10.5152/tud.2020.19259

  25. Tran K, Karmonik C, Boone TB, Khavari R. Are white matter tract integrities different in Multiple Sclerosis women with voiding dysfunction? Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2020 Apr 6. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 32265400.

  26. Khavari R, Chen J, Boone T, Karmonik C. Brain activation patterns female multiple sclerosis patients with voiding dysfunction. Neurourol Urodyn. 2020 Mar;39(3):969-977.

  27. Khavari R, Hernandez N, Karmonik C, Shi Z, Miles B, Gonzalez RR. Higher neural contribution underlying persistent lower urinary tract symptoms in men with benign prostatic hyperplasia undergoing bladder outlet procedures. Contemp Clin Trials Commun. 2019 Nov 23;17:100498.

  28. Karmonik C, Boone T, Khavari R. Data-Driven Machine-Learning Quantifies Differences in the Voiding Initiation Network in Neurogenic Voiding Dysfunction in Women With Multiple Sclerosis. Int Neurourol J. 2019 Sep;23(3):195-204. 

  29. Stampas A, Khavari R, Frontera JE, Groah SL. Feasibility of Self-administered Neuromodulation for Neurogenic Bladder in Spinal Cord Injury. Int Neurourol J. 2019 Sep;23(3):249-256. 

  30. Miller BD, Tallman CT, Boone TB, Khavari R. Low Interrater Reliability of Videourodynamic Diagnosis of Detrusor External Sphincter Dyssynergia. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2019 Jul 8;. doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000000754. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 31295186.

  31. Kaviani A, Pande R, Boone TB, Khavari R. Outcomes of Intradetrusor OnabotulinumtoxinA Injection in Adults with Congenital Spinal Dysraphism in Tertiary Transitional Urology Clinic. Urol Pract. 2019 Mar;6(2):112-116

  32. Khavari R, Elias SN, Pande R, Wu KM, Boone TBB, Karmonik C. Higher Neural Correlates in Multiple Sclerosis Patients with Neurogenic Overactive Bladder Following Treatment with Intradetrusor Injection of OnabotulinumtoxinA. Journal of Urology. 2019 Jan;201(1):135-140. 

  33. Khavari R, Elias SN, Boone T, Karmonik C. Similarity of Functional Connectivity Patterns in Patients with Multiple Sclerosis who Void Spontaneously versus Patients with Voiding Dysfunction. Neurourology and Urodynamics. 2019 Jan;38(1):239-247. 

  34. Hannah McCloskey, Aaron Kaviani, Rashmi Pande, Timothy Boone, Rose Khavari. A cross-sectional study of sexual function and fertility status in adults with congenital genitourinary abnormalities in a US tertiary care center. Canadian Urological Association Journal. 2018 Aug 30.

  35. High R, Kavanagh A, Khavari R, Stewart J, Antosh DD. Procedure Choice in Primary Versus Recurrent Prolapse: A Study of Fellowship-Trained Surgeons. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2018 Jul/Aug;24(4):277-280.

  36. Karmonik C, Boone TB, Khavari R. Workflow for Visualization of Neuroimaging Data with an Augmented Reality Device. J Digit Imaging. 2018 Feb;31(1):26-31.

  37. High R, Kavanagh A, Khavari R, Stewart J, Antosh DD. Outcomes in Pelvic Organ Prolapse Surgery in Women Using Chronic Antithrombotic Therapy. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2017 Nov/Dec;23(6):372-376. 

  38. Elizondo RA, Karmonik C, Boone TB, Khavari R. Protocol for a prospective observational study of cortical lower urinary tract control changes following intradetrusor injection of botulinum toxin-A in patients with multiple sclerosis. BMJ Open. 2017 Feb 3;7(2):e013225. 

  39. Khavari R, Karmonik C, Shy M, Fletcher S, Boone T. Functional magnetic resonance imaging with concurrent urodynamic testing identifies brain structures involved in micturition cycle in patients with multiple sclerosis. J Urol. 2017 Feb;197(2):438-444. 

  40. Dias N, Peng Y, Khavari R, Nakib NA, Sweet RM, Timm GW, Erdman AG, Boone TB, Zhang Y. Pelvic floor dynamics during high-impact athletic activities: A computational modeling study. Clinical biomechanics (Bristol, Avon). 2017; 41:20-27.

  41.  Peng Y, He J, Khavari R, Boone TB, Zhang Y. Functional mapping of the pelvic floor and sphincter muscles from high-density surface EMG recordings. Int Urogynecol J. 2016 Nov;27(11):1689-1696. 

  42. Khavari R, Cindy Gu, Anastasia C. Tran, Robert Chan. Trained and dedicated staff appears to be the main factor in decreasing anxiety and improving overall satisfaction during urodynamic testing: A prospective randomized trial.Canadian Urological Association journal = Journal de l'Association des urologues du Canada. 2016; 10(5-6):187-90.

  43. Peng Y, Khavari R, Nakib NA, Boone TB, Zhang Y. Assessment of urethral support using MRI-derived computational modeling of the female pelvis. Int Urogynecol J. 2016 Feb;27(2):205-12.

  44. Khavari R, Tokaz M, Stewart J, Boone TB. Pelvic Organ Prolapse in Female Patients Presenting to Transitional Urology Care Clinic. J Urol. 2015 Dec;194(6):1654-8.

  45. Peng Y, Khavari R, Nakib NA, Stewart JN, Boone TB, Zhang Y. The Single-Incision Sling to Treat Female Stress Urinary Incontinence: A Dynamic Computational Study of Outcomes and Risk Factors. J Biomech Eng. 2015 Sep;137(9). 

  46. Chan R, Scovell J, Jeng Z, Rajanahally S, Boone T, Khavari R. The fate of transitional urology patients referred to a tertiary transitional care center. Urology. 2014 Dec;84(6):1544-8. 

  47. Chan, R, Munoz, A, Wenker, EP, Stewart, J, Khavari, R. The Association of Urinary Nerve Growth Factor Levels with Bladder Outlet Obstruction in Women. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2014 Sept 2. 2015 Mar-Apr;21(2):111-5.

  48. Khavari R, Sathamoorthy K, Zurawin J, Chan R, Gonzalez R, Fletcher SG. Impaired detrusor contractility and the treatment of female stress. Gynecol Obstet. 2014 Aug; 4(8):4.

  49. Shy M, Fung S, Boone TB, Karmonik C, Fletcher SG, Khavari R. Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging during Urodynamic Testing Identifies Brain Structures Initiating Micturition. J Urol. 2014 Oct;192(4):1149-54.

  50. Choi JM, Nguyen V, Khavari R, Reeves K, Snyder M, Fletcher SG. Complex rectovaginal fistulas after pelvic organ prolapse repair with synthetic mesh: a multidisciplinary approach to evaluation and management. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2012 Nov-Dec;18(6):366-71.

  51. Khavari R, Fletcher SG, Liu J, Boone TB. A Modification to Augmentation Cystoplasty with Catheterizable Stoma for Neurogenic Patients; Technique and Long Term Results; Urology. 2012 Aug;80(2):460-4. 

  52. Sandeep Mistry, Rose Khavari, Gustavo Ayala, Wesley Mayer, and Brian Miles. Who is Too Old to Test: Prostate cancer in Elderly Men. Can Urol Assoc J. 2009 June; 3(3): 205–210

  53. Snodgrass WT. Khavari R. Prior circumcision does not complicate repair of hypospadias with an intact prepuce. Journal of Urology. 2006 Jul;176(1):296-8.

  54. Sorond FA, Khavari R, Serrador JM, Lipsitz LA. Regional cerebral autoregulation during orthostatic stress: age-related differences. [Journal Article] Journals of Gerontology Series A-Biological Sciences & Medical Sciences. 2005 Nov;60(11):1484-7.

Peer-Reviewed Reviews

  1. Choksi, D., Schott, B., Tran, K., & Khavari, R. (2021). Contemporary Review of MRI in Benign Genitourinary Pelvic Medicine: What Every Urologist Should Know. Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports, 16(3), 52–63.

  2. Khavari R, Boone TB. Functional brain imaging in voiding dysfunction. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep. 2019 Mar;14(1):24-30.

  3. Peyronnet B, O'Connor E, Khavari R, Capon G, Manunta A, Allue M, Hascoet J, Nitti VW, Gamé X, Gilleran J, Castro-Sader L, Cornu JN, Waltregny D, Ahyai S, Chung E, Elliott DS, Fournier G, Brucker BM. AMS-800 Artificial urinary sphincter in female patients with stress urinary incontinence: A systematic review. Neurourol Urodyn. 2019 Aug;38 Suppl 4:S28-S41. 

  4. Martinez L, Khavari R. New frontiers in molecular and imaging research on evaluation and diagnosis of bladder outlet obstruction in women. Curr Bladder Dysfunct Rep. 2017 Dec;12(4):291-297. Invited Review.

  5. Kaviani A, Khavari R. Disease-Specific Outcomes of Botulinum Toxin Injections for Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity. Urol Clin North Am. 2017 Aug;44(3):463-474. Invited Review.

  6. Martinez L, Khavari R. Neurogenic Bowel Dysfunction in Patients with Neurogenic Bladder. Current Bladder Dysfunction Reports 2016 December; 11(4):334-340. Invited Review.

  7. Khavari R, Boone T. Bladder Dysfunction in 2015: Novel findings continue to challenge researchers and clinicians. Nat Rev Urol. 2016 Feb;13(2):69-70. Invited Review.

  8. Khavari R, Boone T. Imaging: CNS changes in interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. Nat Rev Urol. 2015 Jul;12(7):365-6. Invited Review.


AUA Update

Title: Bladder Augmentation

Authors: Rachel Sosland, Shreeya Popat, Rose Khavari

Publisher: American Urological Association (AUA) Update Series, 2020


Title: Health Care Guidelines for the Care of Persons with Spina Bifida, 2017-2018

Chair: Brad Dicianno

Publisher: Spina Bifida Association

Urology: Clinical Questions: What is optimal surveillance of the upper and lower urinary tract? What cancer screening is needed? 

Author: Rose Khavari


  1. Authors: Natalia Hernandez and Rose Khavari
    Title of the chapter: Multiple Sclerosis and other Demyelinating Disorders
    Title of the Book: Urological Care for Patients with Progressive Neurological Conditions
    Editors: John Stoffel, Elizabeth Dray
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing, 2019

  2. Authors: Rose Khavari
    Title of the chapter: Sexual and fertility Issues in Congenital Lifelong Urology Patients
    Title of the Book: Congenital Lifelong Urology: Caring for the adolescent and adult patient with congenital and childhood GU conditions
    ​Editors: Gunter De Win, Ann-Francoise Spinoit
    Publisher: A Joint SIU-ICUD International Consultation, 2019

  3. Authors: Ellen Fremion and Rose Khavari. 
    Title of the chapter: Primary Care for Adult Spina Bifida. In Care of the Adult with a Chronic Childhood Condition: A Practical Guide
    Editors: Mariecel Pilapil, David DeLaet, Alice Kuo, Cynthia Peacock, Niraj Sharma
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pages 279-299.

  4. Authors: Rose Khavari and Brian Miles.
    Title of the Chapter: Adjunctive Measures and New Therapies to optimize Early and Late return of Urinary Continence. In Early Return of Urinary Continence and Erectile Function.
    Editor: Sanjay Razdan
    Publisher: Springer International Publishing, 2016, pages 115-128. 

  5. Authors: Elizabeth Grill, Rose Khavari, Jonathan Zurawin, Juan Ramon Flores Gonzalez, Alexander W. Pastuszak
    Title of the Chapter: Infertility and sexual dysfunction (SD) in the couple. In Management of Sexual Dysfunction in Men and Women: An Interdisciplinary Approach
    Publisher: Springer New York, 2016, pages 357-364.

  6. Authors: Rose Khavari and Timothy Boone
    Title of the chapter: Artificial Urinary Sphincter. In Minimally Invasive Therapy for Urinary Incontinence and Pelvic Organ Prolapse.
    Editor: Gopal Badlani
    Publisher: Humana Press, 2014, pages: 91-100.

Case Reports

  1. Craven S, Kavanagh A, Khavari R. Female genital mutilation management in the ambulatory clinic setting: a case study and review of the literature. J Surg Case Rep. 2016 Jun 22;2016(6).

  2. Maloney TG, Kavanagh A, Khavari R. Vesicosalpingo Fistula: A Case Presentation And Review of The Literature. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2016 Nov/Dec;22(6):501-503

  3. High R, Velasquez C, Khavari R. Nephrogenic adenoma arising in a complex circumferential urethral diverticulum of a female patient with a history of childhood neuroblastoma and chemotherapy. Int Urogynecol J. 2016 Sep;27(9):1437-9.

  4. Chan, R, Rajanahally, S, Hollander, A, Khavari, R. Urethral Diverticulum After Midurethral Sling Erosion, Excision, and Subsequent Management. Female Pelvic Med Reconstr Surg. 2014 Sept 2. 

  5. Scovell JM, Chan RC, Khavari R. Prolapse of a single system large ureterocele containing multiple stones in a pregnant woman. Urology. 2014 Mar;83(3):e3-4

  6. Khavari R, Bayne A, Roth D. A Report of an Iatrogenic Bladder Rupture in a Normal Healthy Child during Voiding Cystourethrography. Urology. 2010 Mar;75(3):684-6.

  7. Khavari R, Stamatakis L, Miles B. Robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy performed in a patient with severe thrombocytopenia due to primary myelofibrosis. Can Urol Assoc J. 2009 August; 3(4).

Featured Journal
Cover Pages

NAU Volume 38 Issue 1 2019
NAU Volume 39 Issue 3 2020
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